RE•LEVE®

RE•LEVE®

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Technical Review Article
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Veterinarian-recommended feed formulated for horses requiring a low-starch diet.

RE•LEVE® is appropriate for any health condition in which a low-starch diet is recommended. Specifically, a low-starch diet may be beneficial for horses prone to the following muscular disorders and metabolic syndromes.

  • Polysaccharide storage myopathy (PSSM or EPSM)
  • Recurrent exertional rhabdomyolysis (RER)

These metabolic problems may be triggered or exacerbated by the consumption of soluble carbohydrates found in diets that contain typical concentrates.

RE•LEVE® is fully fortified to provide the appropriate levels of the vitamins and minerals necessary for optimal performance. RE•LEVE® utilizes natural-source vitamin E, a powerful antioxidant more bioavailable than synthetic sources, to ensure horses receive the maximum benefit.

The First Research-Proven Feed for Horses with Low-Starch Needs

Studies have shown that replacing traditional grain-based diets with RE•LEVE® resulted in significant improvement in horses with RER, PSSM, and EPSM.

•Effect of diet on the metabolic response to exercise in Thoroughbred horses with recurrent exertional rhabdomyolysis (RER). 1998. MacLeay, J.M., S.J. Valberg, J.D. Pagan, J. Billstrom, and J. Roberts. Proc. 5th International Conference on Equine Exercise Physiology, Utsunomiya, Japan. Equine Vet. J. Suppl. 30:458-462.

Horses with RER fed RELEVE® showed less post-exercise muscle damage than horses fed straight grains or sweet feed.
•The effect of varying dietary starch and fat content on serum creatine kinase activity and substrate availability in equine polysaccharide storage myopathy. 2004. Ribeiro W.P., S.J. Valberg, J.D. Pagan, and B. Essen Gustavsson. J. Vet. Int. Med. 18:887-894.

Effects of diet on CK activity in horses with equine polysaccharide storage myopathy. Affected horses fed RE•LEVE® showed the least muscle stiffness.


"RE•LEVE® has been of tremendous benefit to Thoroughbreds, Quarter Horses, and warmbloods that suffer from tying-up. Our studies found that RE•LEVE® provided the best relief from muscle stiffness and soreness when combined with regular daily exercise."
—Stephanie Valberg, D.V.M., Ph.D., Dipl. ACVIM
Professor, University of Minnesota Equine Center

Nutritional Management

Replacing a traditional grain ration with RE•LEVE and providing regular daily turnout and exercise are key components in the prevention of PSSM, EPSM, and RER as well as the management of specific metabolic diseases.

Distribution of Energy Sources

RELEVE® is the original high-calorie feed specifically formulated for horses requiring low-starch diets. RELEVE® maintains its energy density by relying on fat and fermentable fibers rather than starch sources for the majority of its calories. Alternative energy sources such as high-fat stabilized rice bran along with super fibers beet pulp and soybean hulls provide highly digestible and readily available energy.

Recommendations for Exercise

For optimum results, dietary modifications must be combined with regular exercise for PSSM, EPSM, and RER horses. After an episode of tying-up, a brief period of stall rest is usually sufficient to allow stiffness to subside. The best results are seen if horses are returned cautiously to exercise as soon as they are able to move in relative comfort. Most horses will tolerate a gradual increase to previous levels of exercise and will benefit from as much daily turnout as posible. Although individual results vary, improvement in muscle problems should be evident starting at one to four weeks after dietary changes and daily exercise are implemented.

Different Formulas for Different Needs

Because horses with these conditions are likely to have a wide range of digestible energy needs, RELEVE® is offered in two different formulas to ensure that appropriate amounts of vital nutrients are provided.

Guaranteed Analysis

RE•LEVE Original

RE•LEVE Concentrate  

Digestible Energy (min)

3.30 Mcal/kg

3.30 Mcal/kg

Protein (min)

12.5%

12.5%

Fat (min)

12.5%

12.5%

Fiber (max)

22.0%

18.0%

NSC* (max)

10.0%

10.0%

Calcium (min)

0.9%

1.0%

Calcium (max)

1.4%

1.5%

Phosphorus (min)

0.55%

0.65%

Potassium (min)

0.85%

0.90%

Copper (min)

42 mg/kg

90 mg/kg

Selenium (min)

0.3 mg/k

1 mg/kg

Zinc (min)

127 mg/kg

260 mg/kg

Vitamin A (min)

11,550 IU/kg

22,900 IU/kg

Vitamin D (min)

1155 IU/kg

2,290 IU/kg

Vitamin E (min)

440 IU/kg

900 IU/kg

*NSC - Nonstructural carbohydrates

RELEVE Original Feeding Directions

Feed at a rate of 2.5-9 kg (6-20 lb) per day depending on the level of work as well as the size and body condition of the horse. RELEVE Original should be fed with high-quality hay equaling at least 1-1.5% of the horse’s body weight per day. Replace the horse’s current grain ration with an equivalent amount of RELEVE Original. 

If a horse requires less than 3 kg (6 lb) of grain per day, consider using RELEVE Concentrate.

 

RE•LEVE Concentrate Feeding Directions

Feed at a rate of 1.5-4 kg (3-9 lb) per day depending on the level of work as well as the size and body condition of the horse. RE•LEVE Concentrate should be fed with high-quality hay equaling at least 1-1.5% of the horse’s body weight per day. Replace the horse’s current grain ration with an equivalent amount of RE•LEVE Concentrate.

Related articles

Managing Tying-up in Horses
Update: PSSM in Horses
PSSM: Feed Management Provides Relief
Scientific Article - Feeding Fat to Manage Muscle Disorders